In 2012, the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) was passed by Congress, mandating all Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) and State Departments of Transportation (DOTs) to develop a performance-based transportation planning and programming approach. The requirements for a performance-based approach have been continued under the current transportation funding law, the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA) of 2021.
Performance-based planning allows MPOs and State DOTs to examine data, past and present, and evaluate the performance of their transportation investments against a number of federally required measures in order to make progress toward the achievement of national goals. The Federal Highway Administration defines transportation performance management as a strategic approach that uses system information to make investment and policy decisions to achieve national performance goals.
National Performance Goals
- Safety – to achieve a significant reduction in traffic fatalities and serious injuries on all public roads
- Infrastructure Condition – to maintain the highway infrastructure asset system in a state of good repair
- Congestion Reduction – to achieve a significant reduction in congestion on the National Highway System
- System Reliability – to improve the efficiency of the surface transportation system
- Freight Movement and Economic Vitality – to improve the national freight network, strengthen the ability of rural communities to access national and international trade markets, and support regional economic development
- Environmental Sustainability – to enhance the performance of the transportation system while protecting and enhancing the natural environment
- Reduced Project Delivery Delays – to reduce project costs, promote jobs and the economy, and expedite the movement of people and goods by accelerating project completion through eliminating delays in the project development and delivery process, including reducing regulatory burdens and improving agencies’ work practices
Performance Measures and Targets
Working collectively, MPOs and State DOTs are required to establish performance targets for each applicable measure established by federal legislation. A measure is a statement of what is being assessed, and a target is a quantifiable level of performance or what you hope to achieve within an identified time period. The Jackson MPO is required to set performance targets and report on the progress made toward achieving each target for the following key performance areas: